Reading 2.1.

The Vision of UNESCO in Combining Media and Information Literacy


Dr. Drissia CHOUIT

Moulay Ismail University



Media and Information Literacy:
Towards Engaging Civic Education Movement


Why Media and Information Literacy (MIL)?

  • Information through various sources makes a discerning impact on peoples' perceptions and knowledge acquisition.
  • The volume and complexity of information available through media and other information providers continues to increase.
  • MIL provides skills and competencies needed to evaluate the quality of information and to engage with media and information sources in a meaningful manner.
  • MIL enables citizens to make full use of their rights to freedom of expression and the right to information.
  • Media and Information literate people can demand better services from media and information providers.
  • MIL helps to strengthen the critical abilities and communication skills of individuals to use communication for change.


Empowerment through MIL

  • MIL provides essential skills and competencies to evaluate the quality of information and actively engage with information sources both as users and producers.
  • MIL increases peoples' abilities to hold media and information systems accountable in public interests.
  • To assure quality of Media and Information services, MIL should become a mass civic education movement.


What skills does MIL provide?

  • MIL enables people to improve their understanding of the functions of media and information systems in a democratic society.
  • It helps to create conditions needed to perform these functions.
  • It develops the abilities to critically evaluate media and information content in order to determine the extent to which these functions are performed by the media and information providers. 
  • It fosters the skills needed to engage with media and information sources, including creation of content.


Declarations – From Words to Actions


  • The Grünwald Declaration on Media Education (1982) recognizes the need for political and educational systems to promote citizens’ critical understanding of “the phenomena of communication” and their participation in media. http://www.unesco.org/education/pdf/MEDIA_E.PDF


  • The UNESCO’s Alexandria Proclamation on Information Literacy (2005) highlights the importance of information literacy as a basic human right in the information age.



  • The World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) Declaration  (Geneva, 2003 & Tunis, 2005), especially Action Line 9 pertaining to Media, reaffirms the fact that "information literacy is essential for empowering users to make informed choices as well as for enabling them to exercise and protect their rights.

http://www.itu.int/wsis/review/inc/docs/emerging.trends.2012 -  2013.pdf


  • The UNESCO Paris Agenda (2007) includes 12 recommendations for media education.



  • The Fez Declaration on Media and Information Literacy (2011)was the first declaration to combine both media and information literacy as a coherent set of competencies, knowledge, and attitudes to face the challenges of the digital age and convergence of communication technologies, with the aim to achieve  sustainable  human development,  build  participatory  civic societies, and contribute to the consolidation of sustainable world peace, freedom, democracy, good governance and the  fostering of constructive intercultural knowledge, dialogue and mutual understanding. The ultimate goal is to make media and information literacy accessible to all citizens around the globe in order to build up media and information literate societies commensurate with the development of knowledge societies.






What is included as core modules in the teacher training curricula on MIL?

  • Introduction: Citizenship – Freedom of Expression and Information, Democratic Discourse and Lifelong Learning
  • Understanding the News and Media Ethics
  • Representation in Media and Information
  • Languages in Media and Information
  • Advertising
  • New and Traditional Media   
  • Information and Library Skills
  • Making the link: Media and Information Literacy, Communication, Pedagogy and Learning How to Learn;
  • Basic media production and information processing skills.


Learning Outcomes of MIL:

To acquire abilities and knowledge:

  • To define and articulate the functions  attributed to media and information sources in democratic societies;
  • To foster conditions needed for media and information sources to perform their functions;
  • To define and articulate the information needs, locate, access and evaluate information;
  • To organize ones' own information;
  • To ethically use  information;
  • To create information using variety of formats and technologies;
  • To communicate  information using variety of formats and technologies.


A society that is media and information literate fosters the development of free, independent and pluralistic media and open information systems.




24.09 | 17:11

Thank you Madam for the huge and interesting information you'd provide us with

24.09 | 17:04

Excellent madam

22.09 | 15:44

Merci beaucoup

21.09 | 17:31

Thank so much for these useful information I appreciate your work