Dr. Drissia CHOUIT
Moulay Ismail University
Study Skills and Research Methods
- Explain the importance of 'assessing your goals as a researcher' in the light of the following statement:
Perhaps the most important thing to keep in mind
when you conduct research is the question you want
to answer, your goal as a writer, and the scope and
nature of your project.
- Explain the importance of 'developing an appropriate
research strategy' in the light of the following statement:
Whether you are conducting research to fill in few
holes in your understanding of a subject or you are
beginning a substantial research project, you need to
develop an appropriate search strategy, one that will
enable you to gather the information that you need
and to do so in a timely fashion. If you are writing a
research paper, you will undoubtedly begin with a
general topic that interests you, but your research
will be more efficient once you have turned the topic
into a goal-driven question. The nature of your project
influences not only how you conduct your inquiry but
also the kinds of sources you consult.
- Explain the following statement:
To be an effective researcher, you need to know three
the kind of information you need for your
project, the most efficient and productive way to
locate that information, and how to make the most
use of the information you have located.
- Define 'critical thinking', identify its basic skills and attitudes and show its relevance
to research and its direct link to creativity.
- What is 'information literacy' and why is it fundamental in the research process?
- Define 'information literacy' and explain the importance of the ability to 'classify' and 'evaluate' online sources.
- How can you determine when to quote, paraphrase, or summarize?
- Define 'plagiarism', explain why it is unethical, and give strategies to avoid it.
- Give three differences showing the contrast between ‘deep-holistic’ and ‘surface-atomistic’ learners.
Explain how critical thinking
is associated with the capacity for rational thought, how it starts with the self, and how it involves considering other people's reasoning.
the parameters of "authority," "accuracy," and "objectivity" in evaluating online sources.
State the main information literacy skills, explain how these skills
help you become autonomous learners and how they help you in the research process.
Explain how the scope and nature of your research project impact on your search strategy,
on the way you conduct your inquiry, and on the kinds of sources you consult.
- All these questions require an essay answer, which may be one paragraph or several paragraphs long.
- Take time to read carefully the question and understand it fully.
- Identify key words in the question and pay
particular attention to have all of them included in your answer.
- Concerning the number of paragraphs, you may like to devote one paragraph for each key idea, or to develop
more than one key idea in one of the paragraphs of the essay.
- Make a tentative outline.
down any ideas that come to your mind in order to keep track of them and not to take the risk of forgetting them.
- Figure out what you are required to do: which type of essay,
with which content: You should answer the question, NOT MORE; in other words, you should not show to your teacher that you have more knowledge in the field by including information which is not relevant to the topic under question.
- Answer the question directly without giving a general introduction: Your introduction should be related to the particular topic you are discussing.
- Write in clear and simple English. Do not use long sentences and avoid run-ons.
- Write in your own words and do not simply reproduce what has been given to you in the handouts.
These served only as a basis for discussion and in-depth analysis.
- You should show the capacity to make the links between the various units studied and to give a comprehensive
answer. It is recommended to give examples and further information to support your answer.
- Make sure that the intended message that you have in mind is stated clearly so
that your teacher can get it as intended.
- Plan your time and leave some time for revising your draft and proofreading.